In 1990 and a revised edition in 1999, Kenichi OHMAE published his book titled “The Borderless World“. This title reflected perfectly the spirit of globalization at that time.
Over the next 25 years, all developments in business, technology and politics seemed to confirm the practical, and even legal, elimination of borders and nation states as we used to know them.
The diffusion of the Internet has strengthened the idea that borders are no longer relevant. The traditional concerns of nations -territory, identity, national sovereignty seemed equally
anachronistic with swords and shields.
But someone forgot to tell all the politicians and voters, writes
Gideon Rahman in the Financial Times.
The Scots, recently, had a referendum on independence and the same is about to do in two months the Catalans. .
In Europe, Asia and the Middle East, nationalist politicians shown
The most dangerous of these nationalist politicians is without
doubt the Russian President Vladimir Putin, who annexed the Crimea by claiming that he wants to protect Russian speaking Ukranins wherever they live.
As many analysts have pointed out, this argument allows Russia to intervene on the whole territory of the former Soviet Union.
While the EU tries to articulate a response to Putin, some nationalist politicians such as Marine Le Pen openly express their support for the Russian president.
In Germany, the rising political power is the alternative for Germany, which believes that German interests are imbedded in Europe.
In Sweden, the right-wing Democrats received 13%.
In Hungary, the government has clear authoritarian tendencies and exhibits openinterest for the Hungarians living beyond the borders of the country.
At first glance, the Middle East seems to be an exception to this emerging nationalism.The most dangerous new movement here is of course the Islamic State.
Egypt, however, in an attempt to find an alternative ideology
against Islam, makes a nationalist turn.
What explains this return to nationalism when economic andtechnological forces pushing in the opposite direction?
One answer is that the prophets of globalization always
underestimated the power of nationalism.
When we spend your life at international meetings, we forget that the lives of most people is rooted in a particular place.
Important role in the return of the importance of the border play and poverty and war.
The reaction to migration played a key role in strengthening the nationalist parties.
The last, and perhaps most dangerous factor is the sense that the world order is still unstable.
source: Financial Times and Kathimerini